Damp proof course

This photo shows a good example of a historic damp proof course in brickwork.

This house was built about 110 years ago. A piece of slate tile was installed between the mortar joints of the lower course of brick. Here in this picture you can see where we picked away at the loose mortar. The mortar overtime has never been tuck pointed, and therefore the mortar at this location is loose and deteriorating.

When we check the condition of the mortar we found this piece of slate tile shown in the picture. The slate tile was installed to provide a damp proof course. Essentially, the slate tile is impermeable to moisture. The slate tile at this location is almost exactly the same as a slate tile on a roof.

The Damp proof course prevents or deters Rising damp from affecting and deteriorating the upper portions of the wall.  

Click here to learn more about Rising damp.

Formstone

Forms stone was invented or primarily first used in Baltimore, MD.  Like a cover-up tuckpoint, formstone may simply be a cheap way of hiding something that looks even worse.

In the top right corner of the photo above you can see the brick substrate behind the formstone where the formstone has delaminated.

Running bond

The running bond pattern is not found very often in Capitol Hill.  American bond , for example is much more prolific.  Since each wythe of brick, in this bond is built with all stretchers, there is no interconnection between brick wythes.

This wall is built in a running bond pattern, photo was taken here in Capitol Hill, DC at the exposed side facade of a rowhome.

Queen Closer

At alternating courses, in this picture, the brick on the left side next to the corner is a queen closer.

The queen closer is cut lengthwise to allow the course of brick to fit within the allotment of space. The amount by which it is cut is removed to make up space for the remaining bricks in the course.

Elliptical arches

The lower course of arched openings in this photograph are bonded elliptical arches with a keystone. The windows above this lower set of openings is a lintel header with quoin style corners. Above that are three full Roman arches.